Dessalines, Jean-Jacques

(ca. 1758-1806) (Jacques I)
   Haitian emperor
   Born in Grand-Rivière-du-Nord, in what was then the French colony of Saint-Domingue, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, a slave, soon joined the revolt against the colonial rule. Successively a battalion leader, colonel, and brigadier general (1797), he helped, under orders from Toussaint louverture, to expel the British, who had landed in Saint-Domingue during the Napoleonic Wars, from parts of Hispaniola. After Toussaint Louverture was taken captive by the French, Dessalines became leader of the insurgent armies, winning the Battle of Vertières against General Donatien de rocham-beau (November 18, 1803) and proclaiming the independence of the Republic of Haiti (January 1, 1804). He named himself emperor under the title Jacques I, but his authoritarian policies alienated the other Haitian leaders, who killed him near Port-au-Prince (October 1806).
   See also pétion, Alexandre; Christophe, henry.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dessalines,Jean Jacques — Des·sa·lines (dĕ sä lēnʹ), Jean Jacques. 1758? 1806. African born emperor of Haiti (1804 1806) who defeated the French (1803) to gain independence for the island. His despotic rule led to his assassination. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dessalines, Jean-Jacques — born с 1758, West Africa died Oct. 17, 1806, Jacmel, Haiti Emperor of Haiti who drove out the French in 1804. He was a slave of a black master in Saint Domingue (Haiti) in 1791 when he joined a slave rebellion. He became a lieutenant of Toussaint …   Universalium

  • Dessalines, Jean-Jacques — ► (1748 1806) Emperador de Haití en 1804 06, proclamó la independencia de su país (1804). Fue lugarteniente de Toussaint Louverture y expulsó a los franceses de la isla (1803). Se proclamó emperador con el nombre de Jaime I. * * * ( 1758, Guinea …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DESSALINES, JEAN JACQUES —    emperor of Hayti, born in Guinea, W. Africa, a negro imported into Hayti as a slave; on the emancipation of the slaves there he acquired great influence among the insurgents, and by his cruelties compelled the French to quit the island, upon… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jean-jacques dessalines — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dessalines. Jean Jacques Dessalines Jean Jacques Dessalines (né le 20 sept …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines — Jakob I. (frz.: Jacques I.; eig.: Jean Jacques Dessalines (* um 1760 im heutigen Ghana; † 17. Oktober 1806) war von 1804 bis 1806 Kaiser von Haiti. Jean Jacques Dessalines Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines — Reinado 2 de septiembre 1804 – 17 de octubre 1806 Coronación 8 de octubre 1804 Tratamiento Emperador Jacques I de Haití …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines Ambroise — ou Jean Jacques Ambroise, (1923 1965), enseignant, historien et homme politique haïtien, fondateur du Parti populaire de libération nationale en 1954. Jean Jacques Dessalines Ambroise est né le 7 septembre 1923 à Jacmel. Il est un descendant de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Jacques Dessalines — (20 de septiembre de 1758 Grande Rivière du Nord – 17 de octubre 1806) fue un líder de la Revolución haitiana que proclamó la independencia del país el 1 de enero de 1804 y fue su primer gobernante. En 1805, emulando los pasos de Napoleón… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jean-Jacques — is a French given name.Notable people bearing the name include: * Jean Jacques Lefranc, marquis de Pompignan, French poet; * Jean Jacques Rousseau, Swiss philosopher; * Jean Jacques Dessalines, leader of the Haïtian Revolution; * Jean Jacques… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.